Agriculture, or farming, is the simplification of nature's food webs and the rechanneling of energy for human planting and animal consumption. There is conventional agriculture and sustainable agriculture (agro-ecology).
Conventional agriculture, most commonly practiced usually involves the following criteria:
Sustainable agriculture (agro-ecology)
uses ecological principles to farm, hence the prefix agro- to farm and ecology- the science of the relationship between organisms and their environments. Agro-ecology involves:
In Pakistan, The Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock is mainly responsible for policy formulation, economic coordination and planning in respect of food grain, agricultural & livestock. It also includes procurement of food grains, fertilizer, import price stabilization of agriculture produce, international liaison, economic studies for framing agricultural policies, fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters, animal quarantine etc.. Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock consists of one division; Food, Agriculture & Livestock Division. Please visit the web site of the Food, Agriculture & Livestock Division for a more comprehensive and detailed information about its Policies, Publications, Information and Services.